Leandro Carollo is a dietician specializing in sport nutrition who has been working in this field for more than ten years and is a member of the Italian Association of Dietetics. He has worked for several Italian football teams both A and B leagues. In particolar, he has been the official dietician of Palermo’s football team for seven years. His job consists in the evaluation and monitoring of athletes’ body composition, i.e. muscle mass, fat mass, intra- and extracellular water for the evaluation of the hydration status. He also takes care of preparing the dietary plans for each athlete including deciding which supplementations are needed, based on the results from the analyses of body composition. In the past he has worked with several athletes such as: Javier Pastore, Edinson Cavani, as well as trainers such as, for instance, Walter Zenga.
In trained athletes practicing predominantly aerobic physical activity, it is quite common to observe lower hemoglobin and hematocrit levels in the absence of pathology. This condition, common while performing particularly intense physical activity, is called “sports anemia”. Attempts to classify the condition and to study its incidence and etiology are complicated by the lack of