Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes an imbalance of the colonic mucosa and a relapse function of the colon. In proctitis, which is around 50% of the ulcerative colitis cases, the affected area is just the rectum. In left-sided colitis (30% of cases), the inflammation extends to part of the colon.
Chron’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory condition that can potentially affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. The causes of this disease are unknown, although genetic risk factors also exist. CD prevalence is approximately 0.5-1/1000 (lower in Asian people), and it is higher in women than in men. Common symptoms include diarrhea and urgency to